September 7th in African American History – Theodore Walter “Sonny” Rollins

Theodore Walter “Sonny” Rollins

Theodore Walter “Sonny” Rollins

September 7, 1930 Theodore Walter “Sonny” Rollins, jazz tenor saxophonist and composer, was born in New York City.

Rollins received his first saxophone at 13 and first recorded in 1949. By 1954, Rollins had recorded with such jazz giants as Miles Davis, Charlie Parker, and Thelonious Monk. By 1956, Rollins was leading his own groups and that year he recorded his widely acclaimed album “Saxophone Colossus.”

In 1957, he pioneered the use of bass and drums, without piano, as accompaniment for his saxophone solos. He was inducted into the Downbeat Jazz Hall of Fame in 1973 and in 1983 was designated a NEA Jazz Master by the National Endowment for the Arts. Rollins won the 2001 Grammy Award for Best Jazz Instrumental Album for “This Is What I Do” (2000) and the 2006 Grammy Award for Best Jazz Instrumental Solo for the single “Why Was I Born” which was on the album “Without a Song: The 9/11 Concert” (2005).

In 2004, Rollins was presented the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award and in 2007 he received the Polar Music Prize from the Royal Swedish Academy of Music. In 2010, Rollins was presented the National Medal of Arts, the highest honor bestowed on an individual artist by the United States, by President Barack Obama.

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