Lomax was born August 16, 1922 in Valdosta, Georgia. He earned his bachelor’s degree from Paine College in 1942, his Master of Arts degree from American University in 1944, and a Ph. D. from Yale University in 1947. He began his journalism career at the Afro-American and the Chicago Defender newspapers.
In 1958, he became the first black television journalist when he joined WNTA-TV in New York. In 1959 Lomax and his colleague, Mike Wallace (60 Minutes), produced “The Hate That Hate Produced,” a five-part documentary on the Nation of Islam. At the time of his death, Lomax was working on a documentary concerning the role of the FBI in the death of Malcolm X and he had a 141 page FBI file.
Lomax authored five books, including “The Reluctant African” (1960) and “To Kill a Black Man” (1968).