Manley was born December 10, 1924 in St. Andrew, Jamaica. He served with the Royal Canadian Air Force during World War II and graduated from the London School of Economics in 1949. In 1967, he won election to the Jamaican House of Representatives and in 1969 became the leader of the People’s National Party.
Manley was elected Prime Minister in 1972 and served until 1980 when he was defeated. He was re-elected Prime Minister in 1989 and served until 1992 when he resigned due to health reasons. Manley’s biography, “Michael Manley: The Making of a Leader,” was published in 1990.